antibodies-online | Autophagy Explained – New Pathway
Autophagy is the regulated, self-degradative process of the cell that disassembles unnecessary or dysfunctional components. Autophagy is induced by conditions of nutrient deprivation as well as physiological and pathological processes such as development, differentiation, neurodegenerative diseases, stress, infection, obesity, and cancer.
Three major forms of autophagy are commonly described: Macroautophagy, Microautophagy, and Mitophagy, along with chaperone-mediated autophagy (CMA). Macroautophagy is the primary pathway and initiates isolation of cytoplasmic targets via a double-membraned vesicle – the autophagosome. The autophagosome then travels through the cytoplasm of the cell to a lysosome, and the two organelles fuse. Within the newbuilt autolysosome, the contents of the autophagosome are degraded via acidic lysosomal hydrolases.