Mycotoxins are toxic metabolites produced by different types of fungus, belonging mainly to the Aspergillus, Penicillium, and Fusarium genera. They commonly enter the food chain through contaminated food and feed crops, particularly cereals. The presence of mycotoxins in food and feed can lead to serious acute and chronic effects on the health of humans as well as animals.
Cooking oil is the plant, animal, or synthetic fat used for frying, baking, and other types of cooking. It is a liquid at room temperature and is sometimes added during the preparation of foods. It is also used to fry foods, and when the flavoring does not involve heating, it can be used as salad dressings or bread spreads.